Today, the endoscopy room is largely used

for procedures as diagnosis checks, tumour ablation,

botox injection, biopsy, stent placement and stent removal.


1. Liedberg F. et al. Diagnostic delay and prognosis in invasive bladder cancer. Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology Volum 37, 2003 – Issue 5.

2. M. Honore et al. Benefits of a single use IsirisTM stent removal device in the outpatient setting. USANZ Congres, 2018.

3. A. Pietropaolo et al. Comparison of ureteric stent removal procedures using reusable and single-use flexible cystoscopes following ureteroscopy and lasertripsy: A micro costing analysis. CEJU July 24, 2020